Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

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Anonymous
Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

quote:Originally posted by George:
[b] However, he also accussed many innocent people and others who only attended a meeting or two and broke no laws.[/b]

Who was falsly accused? If you read the transcripts you will see the witnesses were not badgered but given ficken more rights than were would have received before a Grand Jury.Several of those who testified implored McCarthy not to make their testimony public because they feared retribution from Soviet agents. That is one reason these files have been sealed for 50 years.In Volume 1, an American Veterans group is cited. The Vets had tracked 400 homosexuals who were fired from the State Department as security risks (most of them were living way beyond their means in Paris). McCarthy made it clear he did not want their names made public or even mentioned in closed session. One of those involved had committed suicide when exposed and he didn't want anymore of that.Important to note that the CPUSA was not an American political party. It was funded and directed by the Soviet Union. Being a member was the equivilent today of joining Al Qaeda. Those involved with it should have been fired from their jobs and should have been the subject of investigation.These hearings were serious affairs which dealt with life and death issues for millions of Americans. The testimony of Paul Couch, a former CPUSA member:The Chairman. Is there any doubt in your mind that Oppenheimer was a member of the Communist party?Mr. Crouch. No, sir, none whatever. I met him in a closed meeting of the Communist party in a house which was subsequently found to have been his residence at the time, although I did not know it then, and following that I met him at quite a number of Communist party affairs in Alameda County.The Chairman. I noticed with some interest Oppenheimer's articles in regard to the H-bomb, for example; he vigorously opposed our proceeding with any experimentation in the development of the H-bomb. When he lost out in that, he now has taken the position that we should not have an air force capable of delivering that bomb. Maybe I am simplifying it a bit, but in fact that is his argument. His argument has been that we should build a screen of defense around this nation. From your knowledge of the working of the Communist party, do you know whether or not that was the policy of the Communist party at that time?Mr. Crouch. His position, in substance, his efforts have corresponded with the efforts of the Communist press throughout this period. The Communist press has sought to prevent the development of the H-bomb. They have sought to obtain a U.S. pledge not to use the atomic bomb, first in time of war, and their policy has coincided with the public statements of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer and the authoritative press accounts of J. Robert Oppenheimer's position as appeared recently in Fortune magazine, Life, and others . . .[url=http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/06amay20030700/www.gpo.gov/congr... 3 TEXT 2.4M [/url]Couch goes on to say that one reason he left the party was because a CPUSA friend of his, a young woman, was beaten to death after she expressed her desire to expose what the party was all about.

Anonymous
Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

...just in time for the media to use them to try and beat up on Fox News and talk radio, and equate the Dixie Chicks to Aaron Copeland...Closed-Door McCarthy Transcripts Unsealed
Mon May 5,11:26 AM ETBy FREDERIC J. FROMMER, Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON - Pushing an anti-communist crusade that riveted America a half century ago, Joseph McCarthy manipulated his Senate hearings by calling witnesses he could intimidate and ignoring those likely to oppose him, newly released transcripts show.Among the nearly 500 witnesses covered in transcripts of closed door meetings, made public Monday by the Senate, are composer Aaron Copland, New York Times journalist James Reston and Eslanda Goode Robeson, the wife of blacklisted singer-actor Paul Robeson. Some 4,000 pages of newly released documents also show that McCarthy was convinced that many writers, government officials and secretaries had access to classified information. McCarthy, a Wisconsin Republican, chaired the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations in 1953 and 1954 at the height of the Cold War with the Soviet Union. His investigation into communists in the U.S. government, denounced by critics as a witch hunt, spawned the term "McCarthyism" to describe smear attacks. The senators who oversaw the project, Susan Collins, R-Maine, and Carl Levin, D-Mich., unveiled the transcripts Monday in the very room that McCarthy used to hold some of his hearings. "We hope that the excesses of McCarthyism will serve as a cautionary tale for future generations," Collins said. Levin recalled organizing an anti-McCarthy petition as a student at Swarthmore College. Senate Associate Historian Donald Ritchie, who assembled the volumes, said McCarthy and his chief counsel, Roy Cohn, used the closed-door sessions like grand jury proceedings. "Anybody who stood up to McCarthy in closed session, and did so articulately, tended not to get called up into the public session," Ritchie said. "McCarthy was only interested in the people he could browbeat publicly." Copland, brought before the subcommittee because he had been hired by the State Department to lecture overseas, was one of those never called back for a public session. When McCarthy asked whether he had ever been a communist sympathizer, Copland replied, "I am not sure I would be able to say what you mean by the word 'sympathizer.'" "These executive sessions are really trolling sessions," said David M. Oshinsky, author of a McCarthy biography, "A Conspiracy So Immense," and a history professor at the University of Texas. "McCarthy is looking for people who either have a spectacular story to tell, or people he thinks he can break in public, or people he was certain will take the Fifth Amendment" against self-incrimination, Oshinsky said. McCarthy was angered when Eslanda Goode Robeson cited the 15th Amendment, which gave blacks the right to vote, as well as the Fifth Amendment in refusing to answer whether she was a member of the Communist Party. "The 15th Amendment has nothing to do with it," said McCarthy. Robeson replied: "(Y)ou see, I am a second-class citizen in this country and, therefore, feel the need of the 15th. ... I am not quite equal to the rest of the white people." Robeson finally said a truthful answer would incriminate her. McCarthy brought her back to testify in public. "McCarthy thrived on the Fifth Amendment," Oshinsky said. "He liked nothing better than to ask people very pointed questions, and they would take the Fifth, so he could call them 'Fifth Amendment communists' and talk about a larger conspiracy." The tide began to turn against McCarthy in 1954, when he looked for subversives in the Army. President Eisenhower, a retired Army general, worked to get the hearings televised so the public could see McCarthy's bullying tactics, Oshinsky said. Minnesota Sen. Norm Coleman, a freshman Republican who chairs the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, said in a statement that McCarthy had "an obligation to use his authority in a way to make America safer, and determine the influence of communism, if it existed, in American policy." "Instead, he used his position to threaten, to intimidate and to destroy the lives of Americans," Coleman said. The volumes show McCarthy often held hearings in New York City and Boston, subpoenaing witnesses on short notice, and would be the only senator to attend. Sometimes even McCarthy wouldn't attend, Ritchie said. The 26-year-old Cohn would question witnesses, and his buddy, G. David Schine, who served as unpaid consultant to the committee, would preside. Cohn addressed Schine as "Mr. Chairman." Oshinsky said communists had indeed infiltrated the government during the 1930s and 1940s, but by the time McCarthy launched his investigation that had pretty much been stamped out. Still, Republicans succeeded in portraying Democrats as soft on communism, riding that message to political gains in 1952. The GOP won the White House and Congress that year, making McCarthy chairman of the investigations subcommittee. McCarthy continued hunting for communists in the State Department, Voice of America, U.S. overseas libraries, Government Printing Office and Army Signal Corps. Republicans began to turn on him when he set his sights on the Eisenhower administration. The Senate censured McCarthy in December 1954, and he lost his chairmanship the following month after Democrats regained the majority. Discredited and broken, McCarthy died in 1957 at 47. That same year, the Supreme Court ruled that witnesses don't lose their constitutional rights when they testify in a congressional investigation. Some historians say that ruling is McCarthy's most important legacy.

threeifbywire
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Re: Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

Secret Joe McCarthy Hearings Opened After 50 Years
Mon May 5, 2003 07:55 PM ET
By Joanne KenenWASHINGTON (Reuters) - Fifty years after Sen. Joseph McCarthy's scorched earth investigation into supposed communist infiltration of America's most sensitive institutions, secret transcripts released on Monday add another layer of tarnish to his place in history.The 5,000 pages from his closed-door hearings show no smoking guns, no uncovered spies, no verification of conspiracy theories on which he built his political career."McCarthy had shopworn goods and fishing expeditions," said Don Ritchie, the Senate's associate historian who began poring over the transcripts in 1976. He said the files won't provide fodder for any revisionists arguing McCarthy was right.No one McCarthy summoned went to jail -- even the few who were convicted of contempt won on appeal. But his probes ruined lives and careers with unproven hints of communist taint.......[url=http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=topNews&storyID=2686476]ht...

Anonymous
Re: Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

A couple of points to ponder.What's the political persuasion of the historian mentioned here? Tailgunner Joe did engage in fishing expeditions, but he also had some valid points.Alger Hiss was proved to be a Communist spy as was Harry Dexter White. (Associate secretary of the Treasury under Truman). The Venona transcripts, an FBI 30 year project to decode Russian intelligence transmissions, along with declassified Soviet/Russian files back this up. Harry Hopkins - an advisor to Presidents Roosevelt and Truman - was also listed as a source by the Russians.One of McCarthy's complaints was the delay in developing the Super (H bomb). He thought it might be politically motivated. If you remember at this time President Truman appointed a commission of primarily civilian scientists to determine if it was feasible. They took their time doing it and debated the morality of developing such a weapon. Edward Teller's crusade and Soviet development ended the debate.As far as witch hunts go there is plenty of blame to go around. Not wanting to appear soft on Communism, even JFK took his turn grilling State Department cleaning staff on possible involvement in the "party".There was a basis in fact for McCarthy's actions, but the commonly accepted cliche was that it was all false, and that McCarthy and just the "Right" were particpants.[ 05-06-2003: Message edited by: Ross Michael ][ 05-06-2003: Message edited by: Ross Michael ]

Anonymous
Re: Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

George;I agree releasing the transcripts is a good thing. Also that most of his attacks were politically motivated. George Marshall, a great American was smeared and Ike, who knew better, could have countered these accusations-- did little to rise to his defense One of the bravest Senators at the time - who very effectively dealt with him -- was Margaret Chase Smith who denounced him on the floor of the Senate --"I am not proud of the way we smear outsiders from the floor of the Senate.... I don't want to see the Republican party ride to political victory on the four horsemen of calumny--fear, ignorance, bigotry and smear." No wonder Kruschev called her the Iron lady...

Keteltas
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Re: Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

"Smearing good people like Alger Hiss and Lauchlin Currie (both Soviet espionage agents) is, I think, unforgivable...Anyone knowing either Mr. Currie or Mr. Hiss, who are two people whom I happen to know fairly well, would not need any denial on their part to know they are not Communists. Their records prove it."---Eleanor Roosevelt August 16, 1948." McCarthy is a menance"--Eleanor Roosevlet. September 21, 1951Astounding material in these transcripts. The arrogance of those taking the fifth is only matched by the fear expressed by those who testifited about communists in their offices. A doctor testified his boss at the CIA said McCarthy might have to be "liquidated". He added he feared he would lose his job over his disclosure. Oppenheimer is nailed but good as the leader of a communist cell in the Bay Area. The communist party in PA put out a hit on McCarthy. The man in charge of personal files at the State Department was a KGB agent. The second in command at the US embassy in Ecuador refused to fire a Soviet agent, posing as a lineman, who tapped the embassy phone lines (then he tried to hide the report of the incidence filed by a security agent). It goes on and on....Amazing America survived the Soviet infiltration.S. Prt. 107-84 -- Executive Sessions of the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Government Operations (McCarthy Hearings 1953-54) [url=http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/06amay20030700/www.gpo.gov/congr... 1 TEXT 5.1M [/url]
[url=http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/06amay20030700/www.gpo.gov/congr... 2 TEXT 2.3M [/url]
[url=http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/06amay20030700/www.gpo.gov/congr... 3 TEXT 2.4M [/url]
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[url=http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/06amay20030700/www.gpo.gov/congr... 5 TEXT 1.5M [/url]

Norwel
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Re: Senator Collins Unseals Secret McCarthy Papers

Now that we are releasing sealed documents, how about the release of the sealed information regarding Martin Luther King...why not release all of that information now? Why is is so important to keep everything sealed until 2027?

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